For Refugees And Advocates, Trump Immigration Order Stay Leads To Disarray

For Refugees And Advocates, Trump Immigration Order Stay Leads To Disarray

The coordination of refugee resettlement is in disarray due to new deep cuts in the refugee quota.

 

Refugee resettlement agencies depend on State Department funding to do their work, but reduced refugee arrivals means reduced funding, leading to limits on the services they can provide and the people they can help.

 

NPR has the story here:

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/02/13/514966051/for-refugees-and-advocates-trump-immigration-order-stay-leads-to-disarray

Trump’s best bet at passing an immigration order may be to let this one die, and he’s apparently considering it

Trump’s best bet at passing an immigration order may be to let this one die, and he’s apparently considering it

Business Insider and I discussed which sections of Donald Trump’s travel ban Executive Order were the most controversial.

Read the full article below to learn more about the reason it was struck down and what changes the Trump administration will have to make if they want to successfully rewrite it.

http://www.businessinsider.com/trump-rewrite-immigration-order-ban-supreme-court-2017-2

Legal battle over travel ban pits Trump’s powers against his own words

Legal battle over travel ban pits Trump’s powers against his own words

The decision is to not uphold is one step in what will be a long, historic case.

This case is the first serious test of executive authority since Trump became president on Jan. 20. Read the full Reuters article to learn more about the three main issues at play for the court.

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-immigration-legal-analysis-idUSKBN15N2SI

Trump’s Immigration Order Expands the Definition of ‘Criminal’

Trump’s Immigration Order Expands the Definition of ‘Criminal’

Donald Trump is drastically changing his administration’s priorities for deportation.

“This is the largest expansion of any president in terms of who is a priority for removal,” said Steve Yale-Loehr, a professor of immigration law at Cornell University. “Every administration has to prioritize who they will go after with their limited enforcement resources. This goes further than any other president. To make it simple: If someone is here illegally they are targets for removal.”

See the entire article below and at The New York Times

 

 

Trump’s Immigration Order Expands the Definition of ‘Criminal’

After President Trump signed two sweeping executive orders on immigration on Wednesday, most of the attention was on his plans to build a wall along the border with Mexico and to hold back money from “sanctuary cities.” But the most immediate effect may come from language about deportation priorities that is tucked into the border wall order. It offers an expansive definition of who is considered a criminal — a category of people Mr. Trump has said he would target for deportation. Immigration agents will now have wider latitude to enforce federal laws and are being encouraged to deport broad swaths of unauthorized immigrants.

Here are some questions and answers about the changes:

Who is considered a priority for deportation?

Each presidential administration must decide who it considers a priority for deportation. Mr. Trump’s order focuses on anyone who has been charged with a criminal offense, even if it has not led to a conviction. He also includes, according to language in the order, anyone who has “committed acts that constitute a chargeable criminal offense,” meaning anyone the authorities believe has broken any type of law — regardless of whether that person has been charged with a crime.

Mr. Trump’s order also includes anyone who has engaged in “fraud or willful misrepresentation in connection with any official matter or application before a governmental agency,” a category that includes anyone who has used a false Social Security number to obtain a job, as many unauthorized immigrants do. Anyone who has received a final order to leave the country, but has not left, is also considered a priority.

Finally, he allows the targeting of anyone who “in the judgment of an immigration officer” poses a risk to either public safety or national security. That gives immigration officers the broad authority they have been pressing for, and no longer requires them to receive a review from a supervisor before targeting individuals.

Who is considered a criminal?

The order defines criminal loosely, and includes anyone who has crossed the border illegally — which is a criminal misdemeanor. Anyone who has abused any public benefits program is also considered a criminal under the order.

The Obama administration, which deported nearly 400,000 people per year during its first five years, initially included those convicted of minor offenses such as shoplifting. But it later changed its policy to target primarily those who had been convicted of serious crimes, were considered national security threats or were recent arrivals. By the end of President Barack Obama’s time in office, around 90 percent of the country’s 11 million undocumented immigrants were not considered a priority for deportation. According to the Migration Policy Institute, a nonpartisan think tank, roughly 820,000 undocumented immigrants currently have a criminal record.

Who could be affected by this?

It’s impossible to know how many people will be considered priorities for deportation under the new criteria. Mr. Trump’s executive order could affect any unauthorized immigrant who is not protected by Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, which the Obama administration put in place to give young people work permits and temporary relief from deportation. (Mr. Trump has not yet made clear whether he intends to keep that program.) Immigration lawyers have already raised concerns that people with no criminal history will be swept up by the large net the administration is casting.

Can the president carry out these changes?

The president has the authority to decide who should be deported. But it is unclear whether the administration will be able to — or even try to — carry out deportations as expansively as suggested in the executive order’s language. First, in order to put the 15,000 additional immigration agents he wants in place around the country and along the border, Mr. Trump needs spending approval from Congress. Even then, additional detention centers would also be needed.

The most significant hurdle is the tremendous backlog in the immigration courts. Even if immigration officials initiated thousands of deportations immediately, court dates for those immigrants would be at least a year and a half away. Some immigration experts have suggested that Mr. Trump will try to push for expedited removals, which could speed the process, and give immigrants less time to find legal representation.

How does this compare with previous administrations?

Mr. Trump is opening the door to deporting far more unauthorized immigrants than previous administrations. “This is the largest expansion of any president in terms of who is a priority for removal,” said Steve Yale-Loehr, a professor of immigration law at Cornell University. “Every administration has to prioritize who they will go after with their limited enforcement resources. This goes further than any other president. To make it simple: If someone is here illegally they are targets for removal.”

President Trump: how immigration policy will change

President Trump: how immigration policy will change

Immigration was a key focus of Donald Trump’s election campaign, from his controversial comments about Mexican immigrants, to his infamous promise to build a wall on the Mexican border.

So what will he really be able to achieve in his time in office? I joined ABC Australia’s Hamish Macdonald to discuss.

The audio segment can be found at: http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/breakfast/how-immigration-policy-will-change-under-trump/8186932